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Today's French

DES or LES ? – French Articles – Today’s French at FrenchHour

DES or LES ? – French Articles

DES ou LES ? – Articles en français

DES and LES are articles. What do they mean, how are they used?
Say Lavender In French

Indefinite and definite articles DES and LES are easily confused as there’s no equivalent in English.

Do you know the difference between these 2 sentences?

  1. On a des paniers de lavande.
  2. On a les paniers de lavande.

Use DES

  • when you want to express the idea of ‘some’

On a des paniers.

We have some baskets.

Use LES

  • when you’re translating THE

On a les paniers.

We have the baskets.

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Practice

Easier

Replace the blanks with des or les, as you see fit.

1._____ rues du Marais à Paris sont pittoresques, avec leurs boutiques et leurs restos. 2._____ petits restos sont très bons dans le Marais. 3._____jours fériés, j’aime bien essayer 4._____ bistros gastronomiques dans le centre de Paris. J’aime bien 5._____ bistros gastronomiques. Je choisis toujours 6._____ bistros typiques où on sert 7._____ plats bien français.

More Advanced

Translate the text from English to French. Note that in this translation, all the LES and DES aren’t literal.

The streets in Le Marais district in Paris are quaint, with their boutiques and restaurants. The small restaurants in Le Marais are very good. On public holidays, I like to try some gourmet bistros in the center of Paris. I like gourmet bistros. I always choose typical bistros where we serve very good French dishes.

Solution

Les rues du Marais à Paris sont pittoresques, avec leurs boutiques et leurs restos. Les petits restos sont très bons dans le Marais. Les jours fériés, j’aime bien essayer des bistros gastronomiques dans le centre de Paris. J’aime bien les bistros gastronomiques. Je choisis toujours des bistros typiques où on sert des plats bien français.

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faire les courses – Mot du Jour

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faire les courses – Mot du Jour at FrenchHour

faire les courses – Mot du jour

to do the groceries – French expression

What does ” faire les courses ” mean? How do you say ‘ to do the groceries ’ in French? How is it pronounced? How is it used in a French sentence? Listen to Anne, a French native say it at FrenchHour.com.
Terroir Superu

faire les courses – to do the shopping – In everyday French, faire les courses, not to be mixed up with faire des  courses, means ‘to do the groceries’. faire des courses means ‘to go (window) shopping’ or ‘to run errands.

  • « Je vais faire les courses car il n’y a plus rien dans le frigo. »
    • “I’m going to do the groceries because there’s nothing in the fridge anymore. “

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DES or LES ? – French Articles – Today’s French

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Tax Withholding

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Another excuse to learn French
Say Euros In French

The summer holidays are over, and the French are now thinking about their taxes.

Tax withholding is on the front page of most of our newspapers.

Previously, their taxes were paid a year late. Taxpayers opted for one payment, quarterly payments or monthly payments. In all cases, the sum was based on their income from the previous year, which had the potential to create a big problem if there was a loss of income in the current year.

This year, President Macron decided that the reform, initiated by François Hollande, will go into effect in January 2019.

Note that almost all European countries withhold taxes, rather than having taxpayers pay taxes later.

Big hubbub in French homes!

What about you, how do you pay your taxes?

In any case, today’s article is yet another excuse to advance your French. You may have noticed my use of possessive adjectives in this article. There are 7 of them. Can you spot them?

In the meantime, I’m offering you this interactive quiz. I would like to see you obtain a result of at least 90% three times in a row before choosing another topic to work on to make progress in French.

Have fun!

Quiz - Possessive Adjectives - This quiz is longer and interactive at FrenchHOur

Choisissez la bonne réponse. Pick the right answer.

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Today's French

TOUT, TOUTE, TOUS, TOUTES – Today’s French at FrenchHour

TOUT, TOUTE, TOUS, TOUTES – Today’s French

TOUT, TOUTE, TOUS, TOUTES – Le français d’aujourd’hui

How to use TOUT, TOUTE, TOUS, TOUTES and how to pronounce them.
Une Deudeuche I Photo Anne Guével

Overview

TOUT has four variations and different meanings

  • TOUT when followed by a masculine singular word (pain)
    • Je mangerai tout le pain.
    • I’ll eat the whole bread.

 

  • TOUTE when followed by a feminine singular word (tartine)
    • Je mangerai toute la tartine.
    • I’ll eat the whole slice of bread.

 

  • TOUS when followed by a masculine plural word (gâteaux)
    • Je mangerai tous les gâteaux.
    • I’ll eat all the cakes.
  • TOUS when not followed by anything means ‘everyone, all’. In that case, you tend to pronounce the S
    • Tous mangeront les gâteaux.
    • They’ll all eat the cakes.

 

  • TOUTES when followed by a feminine plural word (pâtisseries)
    • Je mangerai toutes les pâtisseries.
    • I’ll eat all the pastries.

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Mini Quiz - tout, tous, toute or toutes - This quiz is LONGER and INTERACTIVE at FrenchHour

Replace the blank with ‘tout, tous, toute or toutes’ and translate the sentence.

    All of this is my goal.
    She bought all the CDs. All of them!
    Have you heard the whole story?
    All the students at French Hour are happy.
    It’s a special car. It’s a two-horse-power Citroën. -- Visit more at TOUT, TOUTE, TOUS, TOUTES – Today’s French
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et tout et tout – Mot du Jour at FrenchHour

et tout et tout – Mot du jour

and all that – French expression

What does ” et tout et tout ” mean? How do you say ‘ and all that ’ in French? How is it pronounced? How is it used in a French sentence? Listen to Anne, a French native say it at FrenchHour.com.
Say French Picnic

et tout et tout – and all and all. In everyday French, et tout et tout is used with when listing a series of items, and it means ‘and all that’.

  • « Dans le panier à pique-nique, j’ai mis la baguette, le fromage, les tomates, les œufs durs, la moutarde, les cornichons, et tout et tout. »
    • “In the picnic basket, I put the baguette, the cheese, the tomatoes, the boiled eggs, the mustard, the gherkins, and all that.”

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TOUT, TOUTE, TOUS, TOUTES – Today’s French

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Plural of adjectives – Today’s French at French Hour

Plural of Adjectives – Today’s French

Le pluriel des adjectifs – Le français d’aujourd’hui

How do French adjectives get their plural form?
Say Fishmonger In French

Rule of Thumb – Règle générale

The plural of most adjectives is formed by adding an –s to the singular adjective.

grand –> grands

grande –> grandes

petit –> petits

petite –> petites

bon –> bons

bonne –> bonnes

bleu –> bleus

bleue –> bleues

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    Dark BLUE houses are prettier.
    Dark houses are PRETTIER.
    The chairs are BROWN.
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