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Countries, nationalities and adjectives

Countries, nationalities and adjectives

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Je suis française.

Je suis française. Je viens de France.

I’m French. I come from France.

Countries, nationalities and adjectives. French is spoken is many countries all over the world. How do you talk about countries and their people in French? How are the countries pronounced?

Knowing what gender a country or a place is not easy, and not consistent. However, here is a guideline I hope you find helpful.

  • Almost all countries and states that end with an –e (except for le Mexique) are feminine.
  • Pretty much all others are masculine.
  • These 2 previous rules do NOT apply for islands. Nope! Islands pretty much move the beat of their own drummer.
  • Cities are tricky. You hear both masculine and feminine: “le nouveau Paris” (m), and “Paris est une belle ville” (f).

And here is a list of countries

Here is a list of countries, their gender, how to say the nationality and their corresponding adjectives.

Country

Pays

Country

gender

Pays

Country

Nationalité

Nationality

Adjectif

Adjective

Algeria

f

Algérie

Algérien/ne

algérien/ne

Argentina

f

Argentine

Argentin/e

argentin/e

Australia

f

Australie

Australien/ne

australien/ne

Austria

f

Autriche

Autrichien/ne

autrichien/ne

Belgium

f

Belgique

Belge

belge

Benin

m

Bénin

Béninois/e

béninois/e

Brazil

m

Brésil

Brésilien/ne

brésilien/ne

Burkina Faso

m

Burkina Faso

Burkinabé

burkinabé

Burundi

m

Burundi

Burundais/e

burundais/e

Cambodia

m

Cambodge

Cambodgien/ne

cambodgien/ne

Cameroun

m

Cameroun

Camerounais/e

camerounais/e

Canada

m

Canada

Canadien/ne

canadien/ne

Central African Republic

f

République Centrafricaine

Centrafricain/e

centrafricain/e

Chad

m

Tchad

Tchadien/ne

tchadien/ne

Chile

m

Chili

Chilien/ne

chilien/ne

China

f

Chine

Chinois/e

chinois/e

Colombia

f

Colombie

Colombien/ne

colombien/ne

Comoros (Union of)

fp

Comores (Union des)

Comorien/ne

comorien/ne

Costa Rica

m

Costa Rica

Costaricain/e

costaricain/e

Croatia

f

Croatie

Croate

croate

.

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