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Pronunciation French Initial IN at FrenchHour

Prononciation du IN au début du mot

Part of Level 1 French Pronunciation

In this lesson, we’ll go over the letters IN at the beginning of a word. We’ll focus on 5 groups of French words starting with IN. Are they pronounced /i/ or /in/?

  • /i/ or [i] is similar to English ‘ee’ in bee – Paris in French
  • /in/ or [ɛ̃] is similar to English ‘an’ in language – vin in French

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in + voyelle = /i/

  1. inaction – inaction
  2. inadapté.e – unsuitable
  3. inanimé.e – inanimate
  4. inestimable – invaluable
  5. inopiné.e – unexpected

in + consonne = /in/

  1. incliner – to tilt
  2. inclus.e – included
  3. indulgence – indulgence
  4. infuser – to infuse
  5. invulnérable – invulnerable

inh + voyelle = /i/

  1. inhabilité – incapacity
  2. inhabitable – uninhabitable
  3. inhabituel.le – unusual
  4. inhibition – inhibition
  5. inhumain.e – inhuman

inn + voyelle = /i/

  1. inné.e – innate
  2. innocemment – innocently
  3. innocent.e – innocent
  4. innommable – unspeakable
  5. innover – to innovate

Exercice – Practice

Décidez si le mot a un son /i/ comme dans Paris ou un son /in/ comme dans vin. Tuyau : il n’y a que 5 mots en /in/. Entourez le bon son.

Decide if the word has an /i/ sound like in bee or an /in/ sound like in language. Tip: There are only 5 words sounding in /in/. Circle the proper sound.

  1. inaction – /i/ or /in/
  2. inadapté.e – /i/ or /in/
  3. inanimé.e – /i/ or /in/
  4. incliner – /i/ or /in/
  5. inclus.e – /i/ or /in/
  6. indulgence – /i/ or /in/
  7. inestimable – /i/ or /in/
  8. infuser – /i/ or /in/
  9. inhabilité – /i/ or /in/
  10. inhabitable – /i/ or /in/
  11. inhabituel.le – /i/ or /in/
  12. inhibition – /i/ or /in/
  13. inhumain.e – /i/ or /in/
  14. inné.e – /i/ or /in/
  15. innocemment – /i/ or /in/
  16. innocent.e – /i/ or /in/
  17. innommable – /i/ or /in/
  18. innover – /i/ or /in/
  19. inopiné.e – /i/ or /in/
  20. invulnérable – /i/ or /in/

Réponses – Answers

  1. inaction – /i/
  2. inadapté.e – /i/
  3. inanimé.e – /i/
  4. incliner – /in/
  5. inclus.e – /in/
  6. indulgence – /in/
  7. inestimable – /i/
  8. infuser – /in/
  9. inhabilité – /i/
  10. inhabitable – /i/
  11. inhabituel.le – /i/
  12. inhibition – /i/
  13. inhumain.e – /i/
  14. inné.e – /i/
  15. innocemment – /i/
  16. innocent.e – /i/
  17. innommable – /i/
  18. innover – /i/
  19. inopiné.e – /i/
  20. invulnérable – /in/

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