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French Textbook

écouter, to listen to – all tenses

J’écoute toujours de la musique en faisant mes devoirs.

I always listen to music when I do my homework.

AUDIO below, by a native speaker.

ÉCOUT- is the root of the verb

-ER is the ending of the verb

 

Indicatif - Indicative Mode statements
présent present tense
j’écoute I listen to*
je n’écoute pas I’m not listening to
j’écoute I listen to
tu écoutes you listen to
elle écoute she listens to
il écoute he/it listens to
on écoute we listen to
nous écoutons we listen to
vous écoutez you listen to
elles écoutent they listen to
ils écoutent they listen to
*also I’m listening to…
imparfait imperfect
j’écoutais I used to listen to*
je n’écoutais pas I wasn’t listening to
j’écoutais I used to listen to
tu écoutais you used to listen to
elle écoutait she used to listen to
il écoutait he/it used to listen to
on écoutait we used to listen to
nous écoutions we used to listen to
vous écoutiez you used to listen to
elles écoutaient they used to listen to
ils écoutaient they used to listen to
•also I was listeining to, I would listen to…
passé composé preterit or present perfect
j’ai écouté I listened to*
je n’ai pas écouté I didn’t listen to
j’ai écouté I listened to
tu as écouté you listened to
elle a écouté she listened to
il a écouté he/it listened to
on a écouté we listened to
nous avons écouté we listened to
vous avez écouté you listened to
elles ont écouté they listened to
ils ont écouté they listened to
*also I have listened to…
futur simple future tense
j’écouterai I will listen to
je n’écouterai pas I won’t listen to
j’écouterai I will listen to
tu écouteras you will listen to
elle écoutera she will listen to
il écoutera he/it will listen to
on écoutera we will listen to
nous écouterons we will listen to
vous écouterez you will listen to
elles écouteront they will listen to
ils écouteront they will listen to
passé proche near past
je viens d’écouter I just listened to
je ne viens pas d’écouter I didn’t just listen to
je viens d’écouter I just listened to
tu viens d’écouter you just listened to
elle vient d’écouter she just listened to
il vient d’écouter he/it just listened to
on vient d’écouter we just listened to
nous venons d’écouter we just listened to
vous venez d’écouter you just listened to
elles viennent d’écouter they just listened to
ils viennent d’écouter they just listened to
futur proche near future
je vais écouter I’m going to listen to
je ne vais pas écouter I’m not going to listen to
je vais écouter I’m going to listen to
tu vas écouter you‘re going to listen to
elle va écouter she’s going to listen to
il va écouter he/it’s going to listen to
on va écouter we‘re going to listen to
nous allons écouter we‘re going to listen to
vous allez écouter you‘re going to listen to
elles vont écouter they’re going to listen to
ils vont écouter they‘re going to listen to
plus-que-parfait pluperfect
j’avais écouté I had listened to
je n’avais pas écouté I hadn’t listened to
j’avais écouté I had listened to
tu avais écouté you had listened to
elle avait écouté she had listened to
il avait écouté he/it had listened to
on avait écouté we had listened to
nous avions écouté we had listened to
vous aviez écouté you had listened to
elles avaient écouté they had listened to
ils avaient écouté they had listened to
futur antérieur future perfect, past future
j’aurai écouté I will have listened to
je n’aurai pas écouté I won’t have listened to
j’aurai écouté I will have listened to
tu auras écouté you will have listened to
elle aura écouté she will have listened to
il aura écouté he/it will have listened to
on aura écouté we will have listened to
nous aurons écouté we will have listened to
vous aurez écouté you will have listened to
elles auront écouté they will have listened to
ils auront écouté they will have listened to
passé simple literary past
j’écoutai I ‘did'* listen to
je n’écoutai pas I didn’t listen to
j’écoutai I ‘did' listen to
tu écoutas you ‘did’ listen to
elle écouta she ‘did’ listen to
il écouta he/it ‘did’ listen to
on écouta we ‘did’ listen to
nous écoutâmes we ‘did’ listen to
vous écoutâtes you ‘did’ listen to
elles écoutèrent they ‘did’ listen to
ils écoutèrent they ‘did’ listen to
*also I listened to…
Impératif - Imperative Mode commands and requests
impératif présent present command form
Écoute ! Listen!
N’écoute pas ! Don’t listen!
Écoute ! Listen!
Écoutons ! Let’s listen!
Écoutez ! Listen!
Conditionnel - Conditional Mode hypothesis and conditions
conditionnel présent present conditional
j’écouterais I would listen to
je n’écouterais pas I wouldn’t listen to
j’écouterais I would listen to
tu écouterais you would listen to
elle écouterait she would listen to
il écouterait he/it would listen to
on écouterait we would listen to
nous écouterions we would listen to
vous écouteriez you would listen to
elles écouteraient they would listen to
ils écouteraient they would listen to
conditionnel passé past conditional
j’aurais écouté I would have listened to
je n’aurais pas écouté I wouldn’t have listened to
j’aurais écouté I would have listened to
tu aurais écouté you would have listened to
elle aurait écouté she would have listened to
il aurait écouté he/it would have listened to
on aurait écouté we would have listened to
nous aurions écouté we would have listened to
vous auriez écouté you would have listened to
elles auraient écouté they would have listened to
ils auraient écouté they would have listened to
Subjonctif - Subjunctive Mode subjectivity, emotions, feelings, demands, wishes, hopes
subjonctif présent present subjunctive
que j’écoute that I listen to
que je n’écoute pas that I not listen to
que j’écoute that I listen to
que tu écoutes that you listen to
qu’elle écoute that she listen to
qu’il écoute that he/it listen to
qu’on écoute that we listen to
que nous écoutions that we listen to
que vous écoutiez that you listen to
qu’elles écoutent that they listen to
qu’ils écoutent that they listen to
Participe - Participle Mode verb as an adjective or added information
participe présent present participle
(en) écoutant (while) listening to
(en) n’écoutant pas (while) not listening to
participes passé past participles
écouté/e listened to
(en) ayant écouté (while) having listened to
(en) n’ayant pas écouté (while) not having listened to

 

Related: Tenses and modes . 52 Very First French Verbs .

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