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Manuel

Present tense – Irregular verbs – Formation

saint germain, french irregular verbs

Je suis dans le 5ième.

Irregular verbs – Present tense

How do irregular verbs work? How are they conjugated?

Irregular verbs in the present tense have to be memorized one by one. Fortunately, there are only 8 you need to know.

1.AVOIR

2.ÊTRE

3.FAIRE

4.ALLER

5.SAVOIR

6.VALOIR

7.FALLOIR

8.PLEUVOIR

 

.1

AVOIR

pronoun

conjugation

English

j’

ai

I have

tu

as

you have

elle

a

she has

il

a

he/it has

on

a

we have

nous

avons

we have

vous

avez

you have

ils

ont

they have

elles

ont

they have

 In context

I have a big house. -- J’ai une grande maison.

We don’t have any red wine. -- Nous n’avons pas de vin rouge. (On n’a pas de vin rouge. [more colloquial])

.2

ÊTRE

pronoun

conjugation

English

je

suis

I am

tu

es

you are

elle

est

she is

il/c’

est

he/it is

on

est

we are

nous

sommes

we are

vous

êtes

you are

ils

sont

they are

elles

sont

they are

In context

I am tired. -- Je suis fatiguée.

We are at the hotel. -- Nous sommes à l’hôtel. // On est à l’hôtel.

Note: to say your age in French, don’t use TO BE, use TO HAVE instead

I AM 40 years old --> J’AI 40 ans.

.3

FAIRE

FAIRE has a /Z/ sound (only one S). Watch the VOUS form.

pronoun

conjugation

English

je

fais

I make

tu

fais

you make

elle

fait

she makes

il

fait

he/it makes

on

fait

we make

nous

faisons

we make

vous

faites

you make

ils

font

they make

elles

font

they make

In contextI am making a cake. Je fais un gâteau.

We do the dishes. Nous faisons la vaisselle. (On fait la vaisselle.)

Note:the nous form is spelled nous faisons, but is pronounced nous f[e]sons

.4

ALLER

pronoun

conjugation

je

vais

tu

vas

elle

va

il/ça

va

on

va

nous

allons

vous

allez

ils

vont

elles

vont

In context

I go to France this summer. -- Je vais en France cet été.

We’re going to Brittany on a bicycle tour. -- Nous allons en Bretagne pour faire du vélo. (On va en Bretagne pour faire du vélo.)

.5

SAVOIR

pronoun

conjugation

English

je

sais

I know

tu

sais

you know

elle

sait

she knows

il

sait

he/it knows

on

sait

we know

nous

savons

we know

vous

savez

you know

ils

savent

they know

elles

savent

they know

 In context

I know how to speak French. -- Je sais parler français.

We know. -- Nous savons. (On sait.)

Note:       Savoir means to know how to do something, to know a fact, to know by heart. It is often mixed up with Connaître, because both Savoir and Connaître mean to know. Connaître means to know someone, to be familiar with someone or something.

.6

VALOIR

pronoun

conjugation

English

je

vaux

I am worth

tu

vaux

you are worth

elle

vaut

she is worths

il

vaut

he/it is worths

on

vaut

we are worth

nous

valons

we are worth

vous

valez

you are worth

ils

valent

they are worth

elles

valent

they are worth

In context

It’s not worth much anymore. -- Il ne vaut plus grand chose.

.7

FALLOIR

FALLOIR is a very funny verb. It is used only in the third person singular – il/ça – an impersonal form.

pronoun

conjugation

English

il

faut

it is necessary

In context

It is necessary to go soon. [We have to go soon.] -- Il faut y aller bientôt.

.8

PLEUVOIR

PLEUVOIR is a very funny verb. It is used only in the third person singular – il/ça – an impersonal form. Weather verbs generally follow the same pattern.

pronoun

conjugation

English

il

pleut

it rains / it is raining

In context

It rains in France. -- Il pleut en France.

Other rules for the present tense in French

Full French conjugations

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Manuel

Present tense – French verb VAINCRE – Formation

sorrow, vaincre

Je vaincs toujours mes difficultés.

VAINCRE – Present tense

How is VAINCRE conjugated? How does it work?

VAINCRE marches to the beat of its own drummer. It means to defeat, to beat, to overcome. It is an irregular verb in the present tense. Watch for the plural forms.

je vaincs
tu vaincs
elle vainc
il/ça vainc
on vainc
nous vainquons
vous vainquez
ils vainquent
elles vainquent

In context

  1. Je vaincs toujours mes difficultés. .... I always overcome my problems.
  2. Nous les vainquons. .... We are defeating them.

Other rules for the present tense in French

Full French conjugations

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About France

A French meal

Vos repas sont-ils aussi satisfaisants que de s'asseoir devant une cheminée au gaz ? Lisez cet article sur les repas en France comme métaphores de la vie vécue avec art.

Are your meals as "as satisfying as curling up in front of a gas-fueled fireplace"? Read about "dining in France as a metaphor for the life artfully lived".

Related: Comparing in French .

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Édith Piaf - La vie en rose

Jacques Brel - Ne me quitte pas

Tété - L'envie et le dédain

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Les viandes et le poisson – Meat and fish

Viandes et poisson - Meat and Fish

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Voici le port où le poisson arrive.

Les viandes et le poisson – Meats and fish

How do you say meat and fish in French? How is it pronounced?

Listen to Anne's AUDIO.

bay scallop f pétoncle
beef m bœuf
boar m sanglier
caviar m caviar
crab m crabe
crayfish (small) f écrevisse
cutlet f côtelette
duck m canard
eel f anguille
goose f oie
hen f poule
horse m cheval
lamb m agneau
lobster m homard
lox m saumon fumé
mackerel m maquereau
mutton m mouton
octopus f/m pieuvre, poulpe
oyster f huître
pork m porc
prime cut m onglet
rabbit m lapin
ray f raie
rib f côte
rib steak f entrecôte
rock lobster, big crayfish f langouste
rooster m coq
salmon m saumon
sea scallop f coquille Saint-Jacques
sole f sole
steak m steak
T-bone m steak américain
trout f truite
turkey f dinde
veal m veau
venison m cerf
whelk m bulot

La cuisson – How it’s cooked

baked ø au four
steamed ø à la vapeur
grilled m/f grillé/e
seared m/f saisi/e
roasted m/f rôti/e
fried m/f frit/e

Comment le voulez-vous ? – How would you like it cooked?

well done m/f bien cuit/e
medium rare m/f à point
rare m/f saignant/e
almost raw m/f bleu/e
raw m/f cru/e

Related: Seafood terms . Veggies . Cheeses . Fruit .

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s’habiller, to get dressed – all tenses

AUDIO below, with a native speaker.

présent present tense
je m’habille I get dressed*
tu t’habilles you get dressed
elle s’habille she gets dressed
il s’habille he/it gets dressed
on s’habille we get dressed
nous nous habillons we get dressed
vous vous habillez you get dressed
elles s’habillent they get dressed
ils s’habillent they get dressed
*also I’m getting dressed…
imparfait imperfect
je m’habillais I used to get dressed*
tu t’habillais you used to get dressed
elle s’habillait she used to get dressed
il s’habillait he/it used to get dressed
on s’habillait we used to get dressed
nous nous habillions we used to get dressed
vous vous habilliez you used to get dressed
elles s’habillaient they used to get dressed
ils s’habillaient they used to get dressed
•also I would get dressed…
passé composé preterit or present perfect
je me suis habillé/e I got dressed*
tu t’es habillé/e you got dressed
elle s’est habillée she got dressed
il s’est habillé he/it got dressed
on s’est habillé/s/es we got dressed
nous nous sommes habillés/es we got dressed
vous vous êtes habillés/es you got dressed
elles se sont habillées they got dressed
ils se sont habillés they got dressed
*also I have gotten dressed…
futur simple future tense
je m’habillerai I will get dressed
tu t’habilleras you will get dressed
elle s’habillera she will get dressed
il s’habillera he/it will get dressed
on s’habillera we will get dressed
nous nous habillerons we will get dressed
vous vous habillerez you will get dressed
elles s’habilleront they will get dressed
ils s’habilleront they will get dressed
passé proche near past
je viens de m’habiller I just got dressed
tu viens de t’habiller you just got dressed
elle vient de s’habiller she just got dressed
il vient de s’habiller he/it just got dressed
on vient de s’habiller we just got dressed
nous venons de nous habiller we just got dressed
vous venez de vous habiller you just got dressed
elles viennent de s’habiller they just got dressed
ils viennent de s’habiller they just got dressed
futur proche near future
je vais m’habiller I’m going to get dressed
tu vas t’habiller you‘re going to get dressed
elle va s’habiller she’s going to get dressed
il va s’habiller he/it’s going to get dressed
on va s’habiller we‘re going to get dressed
nous allons nous habiller we‘re going to get dressed
vous allez nous habiller you‘re going to get dressed
elles vont s’habiller they’re going to get dressed
ils vont s’habiller they‘re going to get dressed
impératif présent
present command form
Habille-toi ! Get dressed!
Habillons-nous ! Let’s get dressed!
Habillez-vous ! Get dressed!
plus-que-parfait pluperfect
je m’étais habillé/e I had gotten dressed
tu t’étais habillé/e you had gotten dressed
elle s’était habillée she had gotten dressed
il s’était habillé he/it had gotten dressed
on s’était habillé/s/es we had gotten dressed
nous nous étions habillés/es we had gotten dressed
vous vous étiez habillés/es you had gotten dressed
elles s’étaient habillées they had gotten dressed
ils s’étaient habillés they had gotten dressed
futur antérieur future perfect, past future
je me serai habillé/e I will have gotten dressed
tu te seras habillé/e you will have gotten dressed
elle se sera habillée she will have gotten dressed
il se sera habillé he/it will have gotten dressed
on se sera habillé/s/es we will have gotten dressed
nous nous serons habillés/es we will have gotten dressed
vous vous serez habillés/es you will have gotten dressed
elles se seront habillées they will have gotten dressed
ils se seront habillés they will have gotten dressed
conditionnel présent present conditional
je m’habillerais I would get dressed
tu t’habillerais you would get dressed
elle s’habillerait she would get dressed
il s’habillerait he/it would get dressed
on s’habillerait we would get dressed
nous nous habillerions we would get dressed
vous vous habilleriez you would get dressed
elles s’habilleraient they would get dressed
ils s’habilleraient they would get dressed
conditionnel passé past conditional
je me serais habillé/e I would have gotten dressed
tu te serais habillé/e you would have gotten dressed
elle se serait habillée she would have gotten dressed
il se serait habillé he/it would have gotten dressed
on se serait habillé/s/es we would have gotten dressed
nous nous serions habillés/es we would have gotten dressed
vous vous seriez habillés/es you would have gotten dressed
elles se seraient habillées they would have gotten dressed
ils se seraient habillés they would have gotten dressed
subjonctif présent present subjunctive
que je m’habille that I get dressed
que tu t’habilles that you get dressed
qu’elle s’habille that she get dressed
qu’il s’habille that he/it get dressed
qu’on s’habille that we get dressed
que nous nous habillions that we get dressed
que vous vous habilliez that you get dressed
qu’elles s’habillent that they get dressed
qu’ils s’habillent that they get dressed
participes présent, passé present, past participles
(en) s’habillant (while) getting dressed
habillé/e dressed
(en) s’étant habillé/e (while) having gotten dressed
passé simple literary past
je m’habillai I ‘did'* get dressed
tu t’habillas you ‘did’ get dressed
elle s’habilla she ‘did’ get dressed
il s’habilla he/it ‘did’ get dressed
on s’habilla we ‘did’ get dressed
nous nous habillâmes we ‘did’ get dressed
vous vous habillâtes you ‘did’ get dressed
elles s’habillèrent they ‘did’ get dressed
ils s’habillèrent they ‘did’ get dressed
*also I got dressed…

.

Note : s’habiller also means ‘to get dressed up (bien s’habiller)’

Related: tenses and modes . 52 Very First French Verbs or type in your key words in the search box on the Web site.

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