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How to pronounce a French S? S or Z

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The rule states that you pronounce a written S – [s]

  • when it’s at the beginning of a word

o   sur

  • when it’s a vocal S at the end of a word

o   ours

  • when it’s a double-S

o   réussir

The rule states that you pronounce a written S - [z]

  • when it’s between two vowels (and the word doesn’t start with a prefix such as in ‘VRAIsemblablement’)

o   usé

  • when there is a liaison between a word ending in S and a vowel

o   les‿enfants, nos‿élèves, des‿œufs

/s/ /z/ English
embrasser embraser to kiss ≠ to set on fire
poisson poison fish ≠ poison
dessert sert dessert ≠ desert
saison saison season
oasis oasis oasis

 

Related: Pronunciation of Final Consonants . Liaisons in French

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Les mois – Months

AUDIO below, with a French accent.

Months and Days Detailed PDF

Les mois - Months

Un mois - a month

  1. janvier .... January
  2. février .... February
  3. mars .... March
  4. avril .... April
  5. mai .... May
  6. juin .... June
  7. juillet .... July
  8. août .... August
  9. septembre .... September
  10. octobre .... October
  11. novembre .... November
  12. décembre .... December

Related: Games . Test . Flashcards . Days of the Week .

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Playground Vocabulary – Aire de jeux

frenchetc.org

aire ou terrain de jeux

At the playground – À l’aire de jeux

More Vocabulary

  1. carousel ... m ... manège
  2. climbing wall ... m ... mur d’escalade
  3. equipment ... m ... équipement
  4. furniture ... m ... mobilier
  5. game ... m ... jeu
  6. hopscotch ... f ... marelle
  7. jungle gym ... m ... cage à écureuil
  8. labyrinthe ... m ... labyrinthe
  9. outdoors ... m ... plein air
  10. play set ... f ... station de jeux
  11. playground ... f ... aire de jeux
  12. rope ... f ... corde
  13. roundabout ... m ... tourniquet
  14. sand box ... m ... bac à sable
  15. scooter ... f ... trottinette
  16. see-saw ... m ... tape-cul
  17. slide ... f ... toboggan
  18. swing ... f ... balançoire
  19. swings set ... m ... portique
  20. trampoline ... m ... trampoline

.

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Pronunciation Final Consonants

Pronunciation Final Consonants

Pronunciation Final Consonants

Pronunciation Final consonants - Knowing how to pronounce a French word is not intuitive. The end of words is particularly finicky. Let’s see how it works.

With words ending in –E, the final –E is mute, and therefore the preceding final consonant is pronounced. This rule is pretty definite.

  • J’aime manger une pomme.
  • I like to eat an apple.

o   J’aime (pronounce the M)

o   une (pronounce the N)

o   pomme (pronounce the M)

It would be too chaotic to sort these words in categories, because there would be as many words fitting the rule as there would be exceptions.

Here are the ones I find most common, or most commonly mispronounced.

Words with a silent final consonant

  • art .... art
  • blanc .... white
  • estomac .... stomach
  • œufs .... eggs
  • sang .... blood

Words with a vocal final consonant

  • août .... August
  • avec .... with
  • bonus ... bonus
  • fier .... proud
  • œuf .... egg

Words that go both ways

  • un bout .... a piece
  • un bout .... a boat rope
  • les vins bus .... the wine drunk
  • un bus .... a bus
  • un coût .... cost .... un coût
  • des os .... bones
  • un os .... a bone

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Related: The French S: S or Z sound ?

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French Command Forms

frenchetc.org

Faisons grève

Although command forms have two tenses in French – present and past – there is no need to worry too much about the past, as it is almost never used. We’ll focus here on the present tense of command forms.

two principles

  • 1. first principle: there are only three forms in the French command form:
  • familiar – 2nd person singular
  • inclusive – 1st person plural
  • formal – 2nd person plural
  • 2. second principle: there are no personal pronouns in the French command form:
  • Sois sympa ! (Be nice)             not             tu sois sympa !
  • Vendons ! (Let’s sell)              not             nous vendons !
  • Levez-vous ! (Get up)             not             vous levez-vous !

Notes

  • Very often, French commands come with an exclamation point.
  • Some verbs do not have a command form: pouvoir (to be able to, can), pleuvoir (to rain), falloir (to have to, must), faillir[verbe] (to almost [verb] something),

I get into a lot more detail in the premium material.

Practice

Translate these twenty sentences into French, using a command form.

  1. Take a pen.
  2. Let’s get out of the room.
  3. Close the door.
  4. Have patience.
  5. Let’s be nice.
  6. Know your lesson by tomorrow.
  7. Please sign here.
  8. Don’t eat too much cake.
  9. Stop there.
  10. Let’s not pick any.
  11. Sit down.
  12. Let’s not rush.
  13. Have fun.
  14. Go away.
  15. Let’s not sleep here.
  16. Don’t be so angry.
  17. Don’t run.
  18. Please don’t speak so fast.
  19. Don’t listen to what she says.
  20. Don’t take a stroll in this park.

Get the answers in the Premium worksheet here.

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French Art

Michel Delpech – Nos quinze ans

Michel Delpech en 1972 - Nos quinze ans.

. Voir la vidéo .

C'était nos quinze ans
La bande aux copains
Les cocas, le ciné
Le Madison Twist
Et les petits baisers
Sur la bouche des fiancées

C'était nos quinze
C'était only you
Les boutons le printemps
Les boums du Samedi
Les cibiches à cent francs
Le premier été sans parents

C'était en Vendée
Sur ma mobylette
Je jouais pour toi
La fureur de vivre
Et je traînais parfois
Pour te raccompagner chez toi

C'était nos quinze ans
La révolution sans rien faire
En parlant
Les films interdits
Aux moins de dix-huit ans
Les premiers cheveux dans le vent

C'était nos quinze
Salut les copains
Le lycée le camping
Les Dimanches au golf
Et les photos d'Elvis
Qu'on collectionnait en rêvant

C'était en Vendée
C'était sous la lune
J'ai joué pour toi
Les jeux interdits
Tu ne connaissais rien
Je n'en savais pas plus que toi
C'était bien

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