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Manuel

Agreement of Past Participle with ON and EN

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Agreement of Past Participle with ON

ON means ONE, WE, THEY. However, the rule states that ON is  generally conjugated as IL.

In the passé composé, the past participle remains masculine and singular.

  • On a parlé français dans ce magasin avant.

…………. They  used to speak French in that store.

.

In everyday French though, and with reflexive verbs, the past participle sometimes becomes feminine and/or plural

  • On est allés au cinéma. (talking about 2 men going to the movies)
  • On est allées au cinéma. (talking about 2 women going to the movies)

…………. We went to the movies.

.

Agreement of Past Participle with EN

EN means SOME. The rule states that the past participle agrees with the object if the Direct Object Complement is before the verb.

  • J’ai mangé les pommes. --> Je les ai mangées.

…………. I ate the apples. --> I ate them.

However, if the Direct Object Complement happens to be EN, there is no agreement.

  • J’ai mangé des pommes. --> Je les ai mangées. --> J’EN ai mangé.

…………. I ate apples. --> I ate them. --> I ate some.

  • J’ai vu tous les musées. --> Je les ai tous vus. --> J’EN ai vu.

…………. I saw all the museums. --> I saw them all. --> I saw some.

Related: Past Participle Agreements

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Manuel

Beginner’s Course – Glossary

Beginner's Course - Glossary

This is a list of all the words and expressions you learn in the Beginner's Podcast.

Lexicon by Unit

.

unit 1-1 .... f .... addition .... check

unit 1-1 .... m  .... bonjour  .... hello, hi (all day)

unit 1-1 .... ø .... c’est .... it is

unit 1-1 .... m .... décembre .... December

unit 1-1 .... m .... euro  .... Euro

unit 1-1 .... f .... fraise  .... strawberry

unit 1-1 .... m/f .... génial/e .... fantastic, super

unit 1-1 .... m .... hôtel   .... hotel

unit 1-1 .... ø .... ici .... here

unit 1-1 .... ø .... je .... I

unit 1-1 .... m .... kilo  .... kilo = 2 pounds

unit 1-1 .... ø .... le .... the (m)

unit 1-1 .... m .... mardi .... Tuesday

unit 1-1 .... m .... non .... no

unit 1-1 .... m .... oui .... yes

unit 1-1 .... f .... pomme  .... apple

unit 1-1 .... m .... quart  .... quarter, 15 minutes

unit 1-1 .... m/f .... rouge .... red

unit 1-1 .... f .... salade  .... green salad

unit 1-1 .... m .... thé  .... tea

unit 1-1 .... f .... une (article) .... a, an (f)

unit 1-1 .... m/f .... vert .... green

unit 1-1 .... m .... wagon  .... wagon, train car

unit 1-1 .... m .... xylophone  .... xylophone

unit 1-1 .... ø .... y .... there (pronoun)

unit 1-1 .... m .... zèbre  .... zebra

unit 1-2 .... ø .... Ça va ? .... How are you?

unit 1-2 .... p .... des .... some

unit 1-2 .... m .... deux - 2 .... two

unit 1-2 .... m .... été .... summer

unit 1-2 .... m .... gâteau .... cake

unit 1-2 .... m .... haut .... high

unit 1-2 .... ø .... j’ai .... I have

unit 1-2 .... ø .... l’ .... the (w/vowel)

unit 1-2 .... f .... la .... the (f)

unit 1-2 .... ø .... là .... there (adverb)

unit 1-2 .... p .... les .... the (p)

unit 1-2 .... f .... neige .... snow

unit 1-2 .... m .... Noël .... Christmas

unit 1-2 .... f .... oie .... goose

unit 1-2 .... ø .... ou .... or

unit 1-2 .... f .... sœur .... sister

unit 1-2 .... m .... un (article) .... a, an (m)

unit 2-1 .... ø .... allez .... go/ing, do/ing (vous form)

unit 2-1 .... ø .... au revoir .... good bye

unit 2-1 .... ø .... aussi .... also

unit 2-1 .... ø .... bien .... well

unit 2-1 .... m .... bonjour (après-midi) .... good afternoon

unit 2-1 .... m .... bonjour (matin) .... good morning

unit 2-1 .... ø .... ça .... it, this (fam)

unit 2-1 .... ø .... cela .... it, this

unit 2-1 .... ø .... comment .... how

unit 2-1 .... ø .... et .... and

unit 2-1 .... ø .... m’appelle .... (my) name is

unit 2-1 .... m .... merci .... thank you

unit 2-1 .... m .... salut .... hi, bye

unit 2-1 .... ø .... va .... goes

unit 2-1 .... ø .... vais .... go/ing, do/ing (je form)

unit 2-1 .... ø .... vous (sing or polite) .... you (sing or polite)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... aller .... to go

unit 2-2 .... f .... elle .... she

unit 2-2 .... ø .... elle s'appelle .... her name is

unit 2-2 .... ø .... elle va .... she goes, she's going

unit 2-2 .... f .... elles .... they (f)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... elles s'appellent .... their name is (f)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... elles vont .... they go, they're going

unit 2-2 .... m .... il (neutral) .... it

unit 2-2 .... m .... il (person) .... he

unit 2-2 .... ø .... il s'appelle .... his name is

unit 2-2 .... ø .... il va .... he goes, he's going

unit 2-2 .... m .... ils .... they (m)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... ils s'appellent .... their name is (m)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... ils vont .... they go, they're going

unit 2-2 .... ø .... je m'appelle .... my name is

unit 2-2 .... ø .... je vais .... I go, I'm going

unit 2-2 .... ø .... nous .... we (fml)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... nous allons .... we go, we're going (fml)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... nous nous appelons .... our name is (fml)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... on .... we (fam)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... on s'appelle .... our name is (fam)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... on va .... we go, we're going (fam)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... s’appeler .... to be named

unit 2-2 .... ø .... tu t'appelles .... your name is

unit 2-2 .... ø .... tu vas .... you go, you're going

unit 2-2 .... ø .... vous  (pl and fml) .... you (pl and fml)

unit 2-2 .... ø .... vous allez .... you go, you're going

unit 2-2 .... ø .... vous vous appelez .... your name is

unit 3-1 .... m .... anglais .... English

unit 3-1 .... m .... bonsoir .... good evening

unit 3-1 .... m .... français .... French

unit 3-1 .... ø .... je parle … .... I speak / I'm speaking

unit 3-1 .... f .... madame .... madam, Mrs

unit 3-1 .... f .... mademoiselle .... Miss

unit 3-1 .... p .... Messieurs-Dames .... Ladies and Gentlemen

unit 3-1 .... m .... monsieur .... sir

unit 3-1 .... ø .... ne+VERB+pas .... not (negation)

unit 3-1 .... ø .... nous parlons … .... we speak …

unit 3-1 .... ø .... plus lentement .... slower

unit 3-1 .... ø .... s’il vous plaît .... please

unit 3-1 .... ø .... vous parlez … .... you speak …

unit 3-2 .... ø .... elle ne parle pas .... she doesn't speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... elle parle .... she speaks

unit 3-2 .... ø .... elles ne parlent pas .... they (f) don’t speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... elles parlent .... they (f) speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... il ne  parle pas .... he doesn’t speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... il parle .... he speaks

unit 3-2 .... ø .... ils ne parlent pas .... they (m) don’t speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... ils parlent .... they (m) speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... je ne parle pas .... I don’t speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... je parle .... I speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... ne pas parler .... to not speak

unit 3-2 .... ø .... nous ne parlons pas .... we don't speak (fml)

unit 3-2 .... ø .... nous parlons .... we speak (fml)

unit 3-2 .... ø .... on ne  parle pas .... we don’t speak (fam)

unit 3-2 .... ø .... on parle .... we speak (fam)

unit 3-2 .... ø .... tu ne parles pas .... you don’t speak (fam & sing)

unit 3-2 .... ø .... tu parles .... you speak (fam & sing)

unit 3-2 .... ø .... vous ne parlez pas .... you don’t speak (fml or pl)

unit 3-2 .... ø .... vous parlez .... you speak (fml & pl)

unit 4 .... m .... cent .... 100

unit 4 .... m .... cent deux .... 102

unit 4 .... m .... cent dix .... 110

unit 4 .... m .... cent douze … .... 112

unit 4 .... m .... cent mille .... 100,000

unit 4 .... m .... cent onze .... 111

unit 4 .... m .... cent quatre-vingt-dix-neuf          .... 199

unit 4 .... m .... cent un .... 101

unit 4 .... m .... cent vingt .... 120

unit 4 .... m .... cinq .... 5

unit 4 .... m .... cinquante .... 50

unit 4 .... m .... cinquante et un .... 51

unit 4 .... m .... cinquante-deux … .... 52

unit 4 .... m .... deux .... 2

unit 4 .... m .... deux cent un .... 201

unit 4 .... m .... deux cents .... 200

unit 4 .... m .... deux mille dix .... 2,010

unit 4 .... m .... dix .... 10

unit 4 .... m .... dix-huit .... 18

unit 4 .... m .... dix-neuf  .... 19

unit 4 .... m .... dix-neuf cent soixante .... 1960 (more colloquial)

unit 4 .... m .... dix-sept .... 17

unit 4 .... m .... douze .... 12

unit 4 .... m .... huit .... 8

unit 4 .... m .... mille .... 1,000

unit 4 .... m .... mille cent .... 1,100

unit 4 .... m .... mille neuf cent soixante .... 1,960

unit 4 .... m .... neuf .... 9

unit 4 .... m .... onze  .... 11

unit 4 .... m .... onze cents .... 1100 (more colloquial)

unit 4 .... m .... quarante .... 40

unit 4 .... m .... quarante et un .... 41

unit 4 .... m .... quarante-deux … .... 42

unit 4 .... m .... quatorze .... 14

unit 4 .... m .... quatre .... 4

unit 4 .... m .... quatre-vingt-deux  .... 82

unit 4 .... m .... quatre-vingt-dix .... 90

unit 4 .... m .... quatre-vingt-douze ... .... 92

unit 4 .... m .... quatre-vingt-onze .... 91

unit 4 .... m .... quatre-vingt-trois... .... 83

unit 4 .... m .... quatre-vingt-un .... 81

unit 4 .... m .... quatre-vingts .... 80

unit 4 .... m .... quinze .... 15

unit 4 .... m .... seize .... 16

unit 4 .... m .... sept .... 7

unit 4 .... m .... six .... 6

unit 4 .... m .... soixante .... 60

unit 4 .... m .... soixante douze … .... 72

unit 4 .... m .... soixante et onze .... 71

unit 4 .... m .... soixante et un .... 61

unit 4 .... m .... soixante-deux … .... 62

unit 4 .... m .... soixante-dix .... 70

unit 4 .... m .... treize  .... 13

unit 4 .... m .... trente .... 30

unit 4 .... m .... trente et un .... 31

unit 4 .... m .... trente-deux … .... 32

unit 4 .... m .... trois .... 3

unit 4 .... m .... un (number) .... 1

unit 4 .... m .... un billion .... 1,000,000,000,000

unit 4 .... m .... un milliard .... 1,000,000,000

unit 4 .... m .... un million .... 1,000,000

unit 4 .... m .... vingt .... 20

unit 4 .... m .... vingt et un .... 21

unit 4 .... m .... vingt-deux ... .... 22

unit 4 .... m .... zéro .... 0

unit 5-1 .... f .... assiette .... plate

unit 5-1 .... f .... assiette de crudités .... raw vegetable plate

unit 5-1 .... ø .... comme .... as, for

unit 5-1 .... f .... crudité .... raw vegetable

unit 5-1 .... ø .... de .... of

unit 5-1 .... f .... entrée .... appetizer

unit 5-1 .... ø .... j’ai faim .... I am hungry

unit 5-1 .... f .... la carte .... the menu

unit 5-1 .... m .... plat de résistance .... main dish, entree in the USA

unit 5-1 .... m .... steak-frites .... steak and fries

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elle a .... she has

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elle n'a pas .... she doesn't have

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elle ne veut pas .... she doesn't want

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elle veut .... she wants

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elle voudrait .... she would like

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elles n'ont pas .... they don't have (f)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elles ne veulent pas .... they don't want (f)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elles ont .... they have (f)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elles veulent .... they want (f)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... elles voudraient .... they would like (f)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... il a .... he has

unit 5-2 .... ø .... il n'a pas .... he doesn't have

unit 5-2 .... ø .... il ne veut pas .... he doesn't want

unit 5-2 .... ø .... il veut .... he wants

unit 5-2 .... ø .... il voudrait .... he would like

unit 5-2 .... ø .... ils n'ont pas .... they don't have (m)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... ils ne veulent pas .... they don't want (m)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... ils ont .... they have (m)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... ils veulent .... they want (m)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... ils voudraient .... they would like (m)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... je n'ai pas .... I don't have

unit 5-2 .... ø .... je ne veux pas .... I don't want

unit 5-2 .... ø .... je veux .... I want

unit 5-2 .... ø .... je voudrais .... I would like

unit 5-2 .... ø .... ne pas avoir .... to not have

unit 5-2 .... ø .... ne pas vouloir .... to not want

unit 5-2 .... ø .... nous avons .... we have (fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... nous n'avons pas .... we don't have (fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... nous ne voulons pas .... we don't want (fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... nous voudrions .... we would like (fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... nous voulons .... we want (fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... on a .... we have (fam)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... on n'a pas .... we don't have (fam)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... on ne veut pas .... we don't want (fam)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... on veut .... we want (fam)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... on voudrait .... we would like (fam)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... tu as .... you have

unit 5-2 .... ø .... tu n'as pas .... you don't have

unit 5-2 .... ø .... tu ne veux pas .... you don't want

unit 5-2 .... ø .... tu veux .... you want

unit 5-2 .... ø .... tu voudrais .... you would like

unit 5-2 .... ø .... vouloir .... to want

unit 5-2 .... ø .... vouloir (fml) .... would like

unit 5-2 .... ø .... vous avez .... you have (pl or/and fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... vous n'avez pas .... you don't have (pl or/and fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... vous ne voulez pas .... you don't want (pl or/and fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... vous voudriez .... you would like (pl or/and fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... vous voulez .... you want (pl or/and fml)

unit 5-2 .... ø .... avoir .... to have

unit 6-1 .... ø .... au .... at the

unit 6-1 .... m .... restaurant .... restaurant

unit 6-1 .... m/f .... serveur/serveuse .... waiter, waitress

unit 6-1 .... f .... table .... table

unit 6-1 .... ø .... pour .... for

unit 6-1 .... f .... personne .... person

unit 6-1 .... fp .... personnes .... people

unit 6-1 .... ø .... proposer .... to propose, to offer

unit 6-1 .... f .... cette .... this

unit 6-1 .... ø .... voici, voilà .... here is, here are

unit 6-1 .... m .... menu .... menu

unit 6-1 .... ø .... à .... for

unit 6-1 .... ø .... Vous avez choisi ? .... Are you ready to order?

unit 6-1 .... ø .... je suis … .... I am …

unit 6-1 .... m/f .... végétarien/ne .... vegetarian

unit 6-1 .... ø .... qu'est-ce que .... what

unit 6-1 .... ø .... recommander .... to recommend

unit 6-1 .... f .... quiche .... quiche dish

unit 6-1 .... ø .... bien .... okay, good, well

unit 6-1 .... ø .... prendre .... to take, to have

unit 6-1 .... m .... steak-frites .... steak and fries

unit 6-1 .... ø .... Quelle cuisson ? .... How would you like it cooked?

unit 6-1 .... ø .... bien cuit .... well done

unit 6-1 .... f .... boisson .... drink

unit 6-1 .... m .... vin de table .... house wine

unit 6-1 .... f .... de l'eau en bouteille .... bottled water

unit 6-1 .... f .... de l'eau du robinet .... tap water

unit 6-1 .... m .... dessert .... dessert

unit 6-1 .... f .... crème brûlée .... crème brûlée - flan like dessert

unit 6-1 .... ø .... cela fait .... that makes

unit 6-1 .... m .... euro .... Euro

unit 6-1 .... f .... carte .... card, credit card

unit 6-1 .... ø .... bien sûr .... of course

unit 6-1 .... ø .... Bonne journée ! .... Have a nice day!

unit 6-2 .... ø .... aimer .... to like, to love

unit 6-2 .... ø .... regarder .... to look at, to watch

unit 6-2 .... ø .... parler .... to speak

unit 6-2 .... ø .... habiter .... to live

unit 6-2 .... ø .... travailler .... to work

unit 6-2 .... ø .... avancer .... to move forward

unit 6-2 .... ø .... commencer .... to start

unit 6-2 .... ø .... manger .... to eat

unit 6-2 .... ø .... voyager .... to travel

unit 6-2 .... ø .... changer .... to change

unit 6-2 .... ø .... nager .... to swim

unit 6-2 .... ø .... nettoyer .... to clean

unit 6-2 .... ø .... acheter .... to buy

unit 6-2 .... ø .... se lever .... to stand up

unit 6-2 .... ø .... appeler .... to call

unit 6-2 .... ø .... être .... to be

unit 6-2 .... ø .... je suis .... I am

unit 6-2 .... ø .... tu es .... you are

unit 6-2 .... ø .... elle est .... she is

unit 6-2 .... ø .... on est .... we are (fam)

unit 6-2 .... ø .... nous sommes .... we are

unit 6-2 .... ø .... vous êtes .... you are (pl or/and fml)

unit 6-2 .... ø .... ils sont .... they (m) are

unit 6-2 .... ø .... je prends .... I take

unit 6-2 .... ø .... tu prends .... you (fam) take

unit 6-2 .... ø .... elle prend .... she takes

unit 6-2 .... ø .... on prend .... we (fam) take

unit 6-2 .... ø .... nous prenons .... we take

unit 6-2 .... ø .... vous prenez .... you (pl) take

unit 6-2 .... ø .... ils prennent .... they (m) take

unit 7-1 .... ø .... C’est combien ? .... How much it is?

unit 7-1 .... ø .... ça fait  .... it is (literally “it makes”)

unit 7-1 .... m .... euro  .... Euro

unit 7-1 .... m .... total  .... total

unit 7-1 .... ø .... et  .... and

unit 7-1 .... ø .... aux fruits et légumes  .... at the fruit and vegetable stand/store

unit 7-1 .... f .... pomme .... apple

unit 7-1 .... f .... livre  .... pound

unit 7-1 .... m .... kilo  .... kilo

unit 7-1 .... f .... bonne journée  .... have a nice day

unit 7-1 .... ø .... chez le fromager  .... at the cheese store

unit 7-1 .... f .... tranche  .... slice

unit 7-1 .... du .... chèvre  .... goat (cheese)

unit 7-1 .... ø .... voilà  .... there you go, here you are

unit 7-1 .... .... Et avec ça ? .... And with this ? what would you like with this ?

unit 7-1 .... du .... brebis  .... sheep (cheese)

unit 7-1 .... ø .... avoir la monnaie  .... to have the correct change

unit 7-1 .... f .... orange  .... orange

unit 7-1 .... f .... banane  .... banana

unit 7-1 .... f .... figue  .... fig

unit 7-1 .... f .... poire  .... pear

unit 7-1 .... f .... carotte  .... carrot

unit 7-1 .... du .... céleri  .... celery

unit 7-1 .... m .... poivron  .... pepper

unit 7-1 .... du .... brocoli  .... broccoli

unit 7-1 .... des .... petits pois .... green peas

unit 7-1 .... m .... Camembert .... cheese from Normandy

unit 7-1 .... m .... Brie  .... Brie cheese

unit 7-1 .... m .... Comté  .... nutty cheese similar to cheddar

unit 7-2 .... ø .... être .... to be

unit 7-2 .... ø .... je suis .... I am

unit 7-2 .... ø .... tu es .... you are

unit 7-2 .... ø .... elle est .... she is

unit 7-2 .... ø .... on est .... we are (fam)

unit 7-2 .... ø .... nous sommes .... we are

unit 7-2 .... ø .... vous êtes .... you are (pl or/and fml)

unit 7-2 .... ø .... ils sont .... they (m) are

unit 8-1 .... ø .... pardon = excusez-moi .... excuse me

unit 8-1 .... m/f .... perdu/e .... lost

unit 8-1 .... ø ....  je veux .... I want

unit 8-1 .... ø .... vouloir .... to want

unit 8-1 .... ø .... au .... at the, to the

unit 8-1 .... ø .... loin .... far

unit 8-1 .... ø .... près .... close, near

unit 8-1 .... ø .... à .... at, on

unit 8-1 .... m .... mètre .... meter = a bit more than a yard

unit 8-1 .... m .... Quartier Latin .... Latin Quarter

unit 8-1 .... ø .... vous sortez .... you leave

unit 8-1 .... ø .... sortir .... to leave, to go out

unit 8-1 .... ø .... la, le .... the (feminine), the (masculine)

unit 8-1 .... m/f .... premier, première .... first

unit 8-1 .... f .... rue .... street

unit 8-1 .... ø .... gauche .... left

unit 8-1 .... ø .... après .... after (≠ avant = before)

unit 8-1 .... m .... feu .... traffic light

unit 8-1 .... ø .... vous continuez .... you keep on going

unit 8-1 .... ø .... continuer .... to continue

unit 8-1 .... ø .... tout droit .... straight/ahead

unit 8-1 .... m/f .... grand/e .... big

unit 8-1 .... m .... bâtiment .... building

unit 8-1 .... ø .... sur .... on

unit 8-1 .... ø .... votre .... your

unit 8-1 .... ø .... droite .... right

unit 8-1 .... ø .... vous n’avez pas besoin de .... you don’t need to

unit 8-1 .... ø .... avoir besoin de .... to need

unit 8-1 .... m .... metro .... metro, tube, subway

unit 8-1 .... ø .... vous pouvez .... you can

unit 8-1 .... ø .... pouvoir .... to be able to, can

unit 8-1 .... ø .... marcher .... to walk

unit 8-1 .... ø .... à pied .... on

unit 8-2 .... ø .... vouloir .... to want

unit 8-2 .... ø .... je veux .... I want

unit 8-2 .... ø .... tu veux .... you (fam) want

unit 8-2 .... ø .... elle veut .... she wants

unit 8-2 .... ø .... on veut .... we (fam) want

unit 8-2 .... ø .... nous voulons .... we want

unit 8-2 .... ø .... vous voulez .... you (plu) want

unit 8-2 .... ø .... ils veulent .... they (m) want

unit 8-2 .... ø .... sortir .... to leave, to go out

unit 8-2 .... ø .... je sors .... I'm leaving

unit 8-2 .... ø .... tu sors .... you (fam) are leaving

unit 8-2 .... ø .... elle sort .... she's leaving

unit 8-2 .... ø .... on sort .... we (fam) are leaving

unit 8-2 .... ø .... nous sortons .... we are leaving

unit 8-2 .... ø .... vous sortez .... you (plu) are leaving

unit 8-2 .... ø .... ils sortent .... they (m) are leaving

unit 8-2 .... ø .... prendre .... to take, to order

unit 8-2 .... ø .... je prends .... I'm taking

unit 8-2 .... ø .... tu prends .... you (fam) are taking

unit 8-2 .... ø .... elle prend .... she's taking

unit 8-2 .... ø .... on prend .... we (fam) are taking

unit 8-2 .... ø .... nous prenons .... we are taking

unit 8-2 .... ø .... vous prenez .... you (plu) are taking

unit 8-2 .... ø .... ils prennent  .... they (m) are taking

unit 8-2 .... ø .... autour de .... around

unit 8-2 .... ø .... chez .... at so.’s place

unit 8-2 .... ø .... au coin de .... at the corner de

unit 8-2 .... ø .... au bout de .... at the end of

unit 8-2 .... ø .... derrière .... behind

unit 8-2 .... ø .... entre .... between

unit 8-2 .... ø .... en face de .... facing, across

unit 8-2 .... ø .... loin de .... far from

unit 8-2 .... ø .... dans .... in

unit 8-2 .... ø .... devant .... in front of

unit 8-2 .... ø .... au milieu de .... in the middle of

unit 8-2 .... ø .... gauche .... left

unit 8-2 .... ø .... à gauche de .... left of

unit 8-2 .... ø .... près de .... near

unit 8-2 .... ø .... à côté de .... next to

unit 8-2 .... ø .... sur .... on

unit 8-2 .... ø .... droite .... right

unit 8-2 .... ø .... à droite de .... right of

unit 8-2 .... ø .... sous .... under

unit 9-1 .... mp .... transports  .... transportation

unit 9-1 .... ø .... où .... where

unit 9-1 .... mp .... renseignements  .... information/booth

unit 9-1 .... m .... guichet  .... ticket booth

unit 9-1 .... m .... quai  .... platform

unit 9-1 .... m .... plan .... city map

unit 9-1 .... m .... ticket  .... ticket

unit 9-1 .... ø .... pour .... for

unit 9-1 .... m .... carnet  .... book (of tickets)

unit 9-1 .... f .... carte  .... card

unit 9-1 .... m .... passe .... pass

unit 9-1 .... m .... jour  .... day

unit 9-1 .... m/f .... direct/e .... direct

unit 9-1 .... ø .... il y a .... there is, there are

unit 9-1 .... m/f .... un, une .... a, an

unit 9-1 .... f .... correspondance  .... connection

unit 9-1 .... f .... ligne  .... line

unit 9-1 .... m .... changement  .... change, connection

unit 9-1 .... ø .... passer .... to pass, to come, to arrive

unit 9-1 .... ø .... à quelle heure ? .... at what time?

unit 9-1 .... m/f .... tout, toute .... every, all

unit 9-1 .... f .... minute  .... minute

unit 9-1 .... m .... quart d’heure  .... fifteen minutes

unit 9-1 .... m .... arrêt  .... stop

unit 9-1 .... ø .... avant .... before

unit 9-1 .... ø .... après .... after

unit 9-1 .... f .... sortie .... exit

unit 9-1 .... f .... entrée  .... entry, entrance

unit 9-2 .... ø .... du .... of the

unit 9-2 .... ø .... de la  .... of the

unit 9-2 .... ø .... de l' .... of the

unit 9-2 .... ø .... des .... of the

unit 9-2 .... ø .... le .... the

unit 9-2 .... ø .... la .... the

unit 9-2 .... ø .... l' .... the

unit 9-2 .... ø .... les .... the

unit 9-2 .... ø .... un .... a, an

unit 9-2 .... ø .... une .... a, an

unit 9-2 .... ø .... de l' .... some

unit 9-2 .... ø .... des .... some

unit 10-1 .... f .... chambre .... bedroom

unit 10-1 .... m .... hôtel .... hotel

unit 10-1 .... f/p .... personne/s .... person, people

unit 10-1 .... ø .... avec .... with

unit 10-1 .... m .... lit .... bed

unit 10-1 .... f .... vue .... view

unit 10-1 .... ø .... très .... very

unit 10-1 .... ø .... sans .... without

unit 10-1 .... f .... nuit .... night

unit 10-1 .... m .... petit déjeuner .... breakfast

unit 10-1 .... ø .... compris .... included

unit 10-1 .... f .... salle .... room

unit 10-1 .... m .... rez-de-chaussée .... first, ground floor

unit 10-1 .... ø .... aimer .... to like, to love

unit 10-1 .... ø .... réserver .... to reserve, to book

unit 10-1 .... ø .... payer .... to pay

unit 10-1 .... m/f .... bleu/e .... blue (see unit 10-2)

unit 10-1 .... f .... carte bleue .... Credit card

unit 10-1 .... m/f .... désolé/e .... sorry

unit 10-1 .... ø .... autre .... another

unit 10-1 .... f .... baignoire .... bathtub

unit 10-1 .... ø .... ne … pas de .... isn’t a/ny

unit 10-1 .... ø .... mais .... but

unit 10-1 .... f .... douche .... shower

unit 10-1 .... ø .... calme .... quiet, calm

unit 10-1 .... ø .... libérer .... to check out, to free

unit 10-1 .... ø .... laisser .... to leave, to let

unit 10-1 .... ø .... vos .... your (see unit 10-2)

unit 10-1 .... m .... bagage .... luggage

unit 10-1 .... f .... réception .... lobby, reception

unit 10-1 .... ø .... votre .... your (see unit 10-2)

unit 10-1 .... f .... clé .... key

unit 10-1 .... ø .... cinquième .... fifth

unit 10-1 .... m .... étage .... floor, story

unit 10-1 .... m .... ascenseur .... elevator, lift

unit 10-2 .... ø .... noir .... black

unit 10-2 .... ø .... bleu .... blue

unit 10-2 .... ø .... marron .... brown*

unit 10-2 .... ø .... vert .... green

unit 10-2 .... ø .... gris .... grey

unit 10-2 .... ø .... orange .... orange

unit 10-2 .... ø .... rose .... pink

unit 10-2 .... ø .... violet .... purple

unit 10-2 .... ø .... rouge .... red

unit 10-2 .... ø .... blanc .... white

unit 10-2 .... ø .... jaune .... yellow

unit 10-2 .... ø .... mon .... my

unit 10-2 .... ø .... ton .... your (fam.)

unit 10-2 .... ø .... son .... his, her, its

unit 10-2 .... ø .... notre .... our

unit 10-2 .... ø .... votre .... your (pl.)

unit 10-2 .... ø .... leur .... their

unit 11-1 .... ø .... non (≠ oui) .... no (≠ yes)

unit 11-1 .... m/f .... américain/e .... American

unit 11-1 .... ø .... venir de .... to come from

unit 11-1 .... f .... Californie .... California

unit 11-1 .... m/f .... parisien/ne .... from Paris

unit 11-1 .... m .... sud .... South

unit 11-1 .... f .... France .... France

unit 11-1 .... ø .... voici .... here is

unit 11-1 .... f .... femme .... wife

unit 11-1 .... m .... Bonjour .... Nice to meet you (in some case)

unit 11-1 .... m .... mari .... husband

unit 11-1 .... m .... enfant .... child, children

unit 11-1 .... f .... fille .... daughter

unit 11-1 .... m .... fils .... son

unit 11-1 .... m .... an .... year

unit 11-1 .... f .... Bretagne .... Brittany

unit 11-1 .... ø .... ne + verb + pas de .... not + verb + any

unit 11-1 .... ø .... parce que .... because

unit 11-1 .... f .... montagne .... mountain

unit 11-1 .... f .... plage .... beach

unit 11-1 .... ø .... nager .... to swim

unit 11-1 .... ø .... skier .... to sky

unit 11-1 .... ø .... ou .... or

unit 11-1 .... ø .... faire .... to do, to make

unit 11-1 .... f .... cuisine .... cooking

unit 11-1 .... m .... jardin .... garden

unit 11-1 .... m .... surf .... surfing

unit 11-1 .... ø .... Oh là là  .... Oh my

unit 11-1 .... f .... tante  .... aunt

unit 11-1 .... m .... frère      .... brother

unit 11-1 .... m .... cousin      .... cousin

unit 11-1 .... f .... cousine  .... cousin

unit 11-1 .... f .... fille  .... daughter

unit 11-1 .... f .... belle-fille  .... daughter-in-law

unit 11-1 .... m .... ex-mari, ex [spoken] .... ex-husband

unit 11-1 .... f .... ex-femme, ex [spoken] .... ex-wife

unit 11-1 .... m .... père  .... father

unit 11-1 .... m .... beau-père  .... father-in-law

unit 11-1 .... f .... petite-fille  .... granddaughter

unit 11-1 .... m .... grand-père  .... grandfather

unit 11-1 .... f .... grand-mère  .... grandmother

unit 11-1 .... m .... petit-fils     .... grandson

unit 11-1 .... m .... arrière grand-père  .... great grand-father

unit 11-1 .... f .... arrière grand-mère  .... great grand-mother

unit 11-1 .... m .... demi-frère  .... half brother

unit 11-1 .... f .... demi-sœur  .... half sister

unit 11-1 .... m .... mari   .... husband

unit 11-1 .... f .... mère  .... mother

unit 11-1 .... f .... belle-mère  .... mother-in-law

unit 11-1 .... m .... neveu       .... nephew

unit 11-1 .... f .... nièce  .... niece

unit 11-1 .... f .... sœur  .... sister

unit 11-1 .... m .... fils      .... son

unit 11-1 .... m .... gendre, beau-fils  .... son-in-law

unit 11-1 .... f .... épouse  .... spouse

unit 11-1 .... m .... époux  .... spouse

unit 11-1 .... m .... demi-frère*  .... step brother

unit 11-1 .... m .... beau-père*  .... step father

unit 11-1 .... f .... belle-mère  .... step mother

unit 11-1 .... f .... demi-sœur  .... step sister

unit 11-1 .... m .... oncle  .... uncle

unit 11-1 .... f .... femme  .... wife

unit 11-1 .... m .... basket .... basketball

unit 11-1 .... ø .... observer les oiseaux .... bird watching

unit 11-1 .... m .... livre .... book

unit 11-1 .... mp .... échecs .... chess

unit 11-1 .... f .... pêche .... fishing

unit 11-1 .... m .... jeu de société .... game board

unit 11-1 .... f .... guitare .... guitar

unit 11-1 .... ø .... faire des randonnées, marches .... hiking

unit 11-1 .... ø .... faire du hockey .... hockey

unit 11-1 .... f .... chasse .... hunting

unit 11-1 .... m .... jogging .... jogging

unit 11-1 .... m .... piano .... piano

unit 11-1 .... ø .... lire .... reading

unit 11-1 .... ø .... faire de la voile .... sailing

unit 11-1 .... ø .... faire du ski  .... skiing

unit 11-1 .... m .... foot .... soccer

unit 11-1 .... m .... tennis .... tennis

unit 11-1 .... ø .... faire la cuisine .... to cook

unit 11-1 .... ø .... danser .... to dance

unit 11-1 .... ø .... dessiner .... to draw

unit 11-1 .... ø .... aller au concert .... to go to a concert

unit 11-1 .... ø .... aller à la plage .... to go to the beach

unit 11-1 .... ø .... aller au cinéma .... to go to the movie

unit 11-1 .... ø .... jouer au, à la .... to play a (game)

unit 11-1 .... ø .... jouer du, de la .... to play a (musical instrument)

unit 11-1 .... ø .... jouer au (sport) .... to play a (sport)

unit 11-1 .... ø .... faire du vélo .... to ride a bike

unit 11-1 .... ø .... nager .... to swim

unit 11-1 .... ø .... regarder la télé .... to watch TV

unit 11-1 .... m .... jeu vidéo .... video game

unit 11-1 .... m .... violon .... violin

unit 11-2 .... ø .... ne + verb + pas de .... not + verb + any

unit 11-2 .... ø .... j'aime .... I like, love

unit 11-2 .... ø .... tu aimes .... you (sing) like, love

unit 11-2 .... ø .... elle aime .... she likes, loves

unit 11-2 .... ø .... il aime .... he likes, loves

unit 11-2 .... ø .... on aime .... we (spoken) like, love

unit 11-2 .... ø .... nous aimons .... we like, love

unit 11-2 .... ø .... vous aimez .... you (pl) like, love

unit 11-2 .... ø .... ils aiment .... they (m) like, love

unit 11-2 .... ø .... elles aiment .... they (f) like, love

unit 11-2 .... ø .... je fais .... I make, do

unit 11-2 .... ø .... tu fais .... you (sing) make, do

unit 11-2 .... ø .... elle fait .... she makes, does

unit 11-2 .... ø .... il fait .... he makes, does

unit 11-2 .... ø .... on fait .... we (spoken) make, do

unit 11-2 .... ø .... nous faisons .... we make, do

unit 11-2 .... ø .... vous faites .... you (pl) make, do

unit 11-2 .... ø .... ils font .... they (m) make, do

unit 11-2 .... ø .... elles font .... they (f) make, do

unit 11-2 .... ø .... je libère .... I check out, free

unit 11-2 .... ø .... tu libères .... you (sing) check out, free

unit 11-2 .... ø .... elle libère .... she checks out, frees

unit 11-2 .... ø .... il libère .... he checks out, frees

unit 11-2 .... ø .... on libère .... we (spoken) check out, free

unit 11-2 .... ø .... nous libérons .... we check out, free

unit 11-2 .... ø .... vous libérez .... you (pl) check out, free

unit 11-2 .... ø .... ils libèrent .... they (m) check out, free

unit 11-2 .... ø .... elles libèrent .... they (f) check out, free

unit 12-1 .... m .... temps .... weather

unit 12-1 .... m/f .... américain/e .... American

unit 12-1 .... ø .... n’est-ce pas ? .... isn’t it? doesn’t it?

unit 12-1 .... ø .... il fait beau .... the weather is nice

unit 12-1 .... ø .... aujourd’hui .... today

unit 12-1 .... ø .... habiter .... to live (somewhere)

unit 12-1 .... m/f .... marié/e .... married

unit 12-1 .... ø .... s’appeler .... to be named

unit 12-1 .... ø .... avoir quel âge .... to be how old

unit 12-1 .... ø .... qu’est-ce que .... what/do

unit 12-1 .... ø .... faire .... to do, to make

unit 12-1 .... m .... travail .... work

unit 12-1 .... m/f .... boulanger/gère .... baker

unit 12-1 .... m/f .... prof = professeur .... teacher

unit 12-1 .... m/f .... français/e .... French

unit 12-1 .... ø .... comprendre .... to understand

unit 12-1 .... ø .... lentement .... slowly

unit 12-1 .... ø .... plus lentement .... slower

unit 12-1 .... ø .... bien sûr .... sure, of course

unit 12-1 .... ø .... allons .... let’s

unit 12-1 .... ø .... boire .... to drink

unit 12-1 .... m .... verre .... glass

unit 12-1 .... ø .... boire un verre .... to have a drink

unit 12-1 .... ø .... d’accord .... okay

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... comptable .... accountant

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... comédien/ne, acteur, actrice .... actor, actress

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... architecte .... architect

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... artiste .... artist

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... avocat/e .... attorney, lawyer

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... auteur/e .... author

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... boulanger/ère .... baker

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... boucher/ère .... butcher

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... menuisier/ère .... carpenter

unit 12-2 .... m/f .... caissier, caissière .... cashier

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Quel temps fait-il ? .... What’s the weather like?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il fait chaud. .... It’s warm.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il fait froid. .... It’s cold.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il fait du soleil. .... It’s sunny.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il y a des nuages. .... It’s cloudy.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il fait beau. .... It’s nice.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il fait mauvais. .... It’s lousy.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il pleut. Il y a de la pluie. .... It’s raining/rainy.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il neige. .... It’s snowing.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Il y a du vent. .... It’s windy.

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Qu’est-ce que ? .... What?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Où ? .... Where?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Quand ? .... When?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Qui ? .... Who?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Comment ? .... How?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Combien ? .... How much/many?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Quelle heure ? .... What time?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Quel âge ? .... How old?

unit 12-2 .... ø .... Pourquoi ? .... Why ?

.

Manuel

FRENCH ETC. Beginner’s Course – Table of Contents

Table of Contents - FRENCH ETC. Beginner's Course

Listen to the Beginner's Course Podcast

French Dictionary for the Beginner's Course

unit 1 .... French Alphabet .... letters of the alphabet and their pronunciation .... Pronunciation

unit 2-1 .... Hello .... Greetings in French .... Vocabulary

unit 2-1 .... Hello .... Tu and Vous: being familiar and being polite .... Culture Capsule

unit 2-2 .... Hello .... personal pronouns, to be named, to go, definite and indefinite articles, French accents, combination of letters .... Grammar

unit 3-1 .... Do you speak English? .... Do you speak English? .... Vocabulary

unit 3-1 .... Do you speak English? .... French etiquette .... Culture Capsule

unit 3-2 .... Do you speak English? .... Verb to speak and its negative form .... Grammar

unit 4 .... Numbers .... Numbers .... Vocabulary

unit 5-1 .... The menu please .... Ordering from the menu .... Vocabulary

unit 5-1 .... The menu please .... Restaurant etiquette .... Culture Capsule

unit 5-2 .... The menu please .... To have, to not have, to want, to not want, would like  .... Grammar

unit 6-1 .... At the restaurant .... Going to the restaurant, asking for a table, ordering a whole meal and paying .... Vocabulary

unit 6-1 .... At the restaurant .... Types of French restaurants .... Culture Capsule

unit 6-2 .... At the restaurant Part 2 .... Conjugation of verbs in the present tense, to be, to take .... Grammar

unit 7-1 .... How much is it? .... The Euro system .... Culture Capsule

unit 7-1 .... How much is it? .... Buying food in France .... Vocabulary

unit 7-2 .... How much is it? Part 2 .... To be .... Grammar

unit 8-1 .... Is it far? Part 1 .... Asking for directions .... Vocabulary

unit 8-1 .... Is it far? Part 1 .... Le Louvre .... Culture Capsule

unit 8-2 .... Is it far? Part 2 .... to want, to leave, to order .... Grammar

unit 9-1 .... Transportation .... Using public transportation .... Vocabulary

unit 9-2 .... Transportation Part 2 .... 24-hour clock system, Using the Paris subway .... Culture Capsule

unit 9-2 .... Transportation Part 2 .... Tell time, Gender of French Nouns .... Grammar

unit 10-1 .... A hotel room .... Booking a hotel room .... Vocabulary

unit 10-1 .... A hotel room .... Visit Paris 101 .... Culture Capsule

unit 10-2 .... A hotel room .... Plural of Adjectives .... Grammar

unit 10-2 .... A hotel room .... Colors .... Grammar

unit 10-2 .... A hotel room .... Possessive Adjectives: my, your, his, her .... Grammar

unit 11-1 .... Introductions - Part 1 .... Basic French introductions .... Vocabulary

unit 11-1 .... Introductions - Part 1 .... Family members .... Vocabulary

unit 11-1 .... Introductions - Part 1 .... Hobbies .... Vocabulary

unit 11-1 .... Introductions - Part 1 .... Countries and Nationalities .... Vocabulary

unit 11-1 .... Introductions - Part 1 .... Number Review .... Vocabulary

unit 11-2 .... Introductions - Part 2 .... Negative sentences Overview .... Grammar

unit 11-2 .... Introductions - Part 2 .... aimer - to like, to love and other -ER verbs .... Grammar

unit 11-2 .... Introductions - Part 2 .... faire - to make, to do .... Grammar

unit 11-2 .... Introductions - Part 2 .... libérer - to check out, to free and other spelling changes verbs .... Grammar

unit 11-2 .... Introductions - Part 2 .... payer - to pay/for and other verbs in -yer .... Grammar

unit 12-1 .... Small Talk .... chit-chat about the weather, family and  jobs .... Vocabulary

unit 12-2 .... Small Talk .... talking about occupations .... Grammar

unit 12-2 .... Small Talk .... talking about occupations .... Grammar

unit 12-2 .... Small Talk .... how to ask a question in French .... Grammar

.

About French

Tips to learn French better

Tips to learn French better

learn french, french podcast, french online, françasi

J'apprends le français à FRENCH ETC.

Tips to learn French better - Anne's suggestions to learn French on your own.

. prefer spending a little time studying everyday rather than a big chunk of time once in a while

. set your computer, your cell phone, your e-reader to speak French. Even though it might be confusing at first, it will pay off in the long run.

. get a pen pal - I started my language journey learning English with a pen pal. I was 15, and I'm still in touch with her.

. go and meet Francophones. If you are in France, check out OVS (OnVaSortir.com), if you are in the States, MeetUps (meetup.com) are the way to go. I'm sure your country has a similar site or app allowing you go and meet Francophones and Francophiles. If there is nothing in your neighborhood, create an event.

. first read, then listen, then speak, copycatting what you’ve read and listened to and then write, also copycatting what you’ve read and listened to

. don’t be afraid to play with the language

. don’t worry if what you're saying seems basic and overly simple at first

. don’t be afraid to make mistakes

. download tons of relevant French podcasts – at your level and interest – onto an mp3 player. Listen to short pieces, and repeat the words you hear OUT LOUD

. read bilingual books, where one page is in French, the other is in your language

. create your own lists of vocabulary. Organize it in a way you can play with it, changing columns, making flashcards. Review your list often. Soon you’ll find you know it.

. create your own list of phrases. Organize it in a way you can play with it, changing the columns, making flashcards. Review your list often. Soon you’ll find you know it.

. Lists

Quizlet - make flashcards and play with them

ANNE’S lists

ANKI

GENIUS for Mac

MICROSOFT EXCEL

. memorize a song and its meaning. That means listening and singing along many many times. Move on to the next song.

. put post-its with French words to label objects all over your house: table – four (oven) – comptoir (counter), and so on

. watch French TV. Pick one broadcast/series you like and watch it regularly, even if you don’t understand it at first.

. spend a lot of time with French, one way or the other

. find or create a French group to go to. There are probably many in your area, from formal ones to really laid-back ones. Find the one that correspond to your needs.

. find a teacher who will answer YOUR needs

. remember that learning a language is a long process. Don’t give up after the first difficulty.

. speak at a steady pace. Even if you have to speak slowly at first, the steadiness is really important. You’ll be able to pick up the speed later on, with good habits.

. beware of words that are similar in French and English, such as ‘gouvernement’, ‘administration’, ‘intéressant’, and so on. Make sure that you pronounce all the syllables, including the last one.

 

Tips for kids to learn French

. watch the same TV program (cartoon, animal show…) every day, even if it’s just 10 minutes a day

. if you’re able to, make it so that little words such as ‘merci’, ‘s’il te plaît’, ‘oui’, ‘non’, and so on are said in French in your family, instead of the English. You may start with just these words, and move on to more complex sentences as you go along

. make flashcards with French word on one side and your language on the other. Play with them every day. You can create your own family game and rules, or just play ‘Guess how to say….’

. find a great FUN teacher and invite playmates to the lessons. Make sure the environment or the teacher doesn’t turn them off.

. sing a French song a week

. if the child is already pretty fluent and into it, do a dictée. Make it fun though J

. read bilingual books

. read children’s stories in French, or get the tapes for them to listen and read

. get picture books and point out an object on a page, say the word in French and have them repeat OUT LOUD

. go to or organize a playgroup

.put post-its with French words to label objects all over their bedroom: table – lit (bed) – chaise (chair), and so on

.always keep it fun for the child

**********************

There are lots of methods and books to learn French out there. Some of them will even say you can speak in 10 days. Unfortunately, that’s a lie. If that were the case, I’d be out of business. However, these methods constitute a great guide to re-mind you of what you’ve learned in class. Where you learn best is in the country. Short of being able to be there, the most efficient learning is going to happen in class. Don’t be afraid to ask your teacher all the questions you need to. You should never exit a class with a pending question. Once you’ve been exposed to a new lesson, the ball is in your court, you need to practice and that’s where things are going to click for you. Without practicing RIGHT AFTER class and every day after, you’ll loose what you thought you learned in class.

**********************

Make sure you know what is expected at each learning level. One of the biggest hindrances in making progress is to want to go too fast or to feel silly because you can’t be as articulate in French as you are in your own language. Instead, you should try to enjoy every step of the way, even if all you are saying seems infantile at first.

Beginning (novice) level

At this stage, you’re only listening, reading and repeating. There is no space for real creativity. When asked to create a sentence, keep in mind the reader or the audio file you’re copying from. For instance, if you haven’t studied the past tense, don’t venture in it. You are not going to be able to say everything that’s on your mind. You learn a lot more from repeating what you hear and read. You should be satisfied with memorizing a few grammar structures and repeating them back out loud. You should be ready to memorize lists and conjugations. You should not start from English, but rather to pick and choose from what you’ve studied, and adapt that to your situation. Creativity is not in the picture for now. Short and simple sentences are what we’re looking for.

At this level:

            .you’re enriching your vocabulary with lists, a reader or an audio file

            .you’re learning French grammatical structures

            .you’re getting the idea about verb conjugations, mostly about the present tense

You are still relying on you own language a lot. And that’s okay. The difficult part here is that you have very complex thoughts in your language, and you’re tempted to want to  formulate the same thoughts in French. Well, don’t. Keep your sentences short and bland – subject-verb-complement.

Intermediate (creative) level

You’re starting to create freely from what you’ve acquired in the beginning level. You have enough vocabulary, enough automatisms to play with. You can talk about personal things without needing to go to you native language so often. Your French is not perfect, but it allows you to have satisfying conversations about a few topics

At this level:

.you’re learning longer lists of vocabulary

.your sentences are longer than they used to and somewhat complex

.you’re able to switch back and forth from present, to past, to future tenses

Advanced (perfecting) level

You’re almost never relying on your own language. You’re able to discuss a wide variety of topics, able to understand what’s said to you too. You can express feelings and use long and complex sentences with relative pronouns and different modes.

Fluent (near native or native) level

You’re able to speak French with as much ease as you do your own language. You’re sometimes mistaken for someone from another French-speaking country.

Related: Why learn French . Useful links to learn more French . First French words . French words in English . English words in French .

Manuel

Clothes – French vocabulary

Clothing - French vocabulary

learn french, french podcast, french online, french, français, francais

Courtesy of FE student Jeana H., CA, USA

Les vêtements – Clothes - French terms – Learn French with Anne

Il est sur son 31.

He’s wearing his best clothes.

Nous portons nos vêtements du dimanche.

We’re wearing our Sunday dress.

Clothing - Les vêtements

  1. belt .... f .... ceinture
  2. blouse .... m .... chemisier
  3. boot .... f .... botte
  4. cardigan .... m .... gilet
  5. clothe .... m .... vêtement
  6. coat .... m .... manteau
  7. dress .... f .... robe
  8. hat .... m .... chapeau
  9. hat (wool) .... m .... bonnet
  10. jacket (men & women) .... f .... veste
  11. jacket (short and gathered at the bottom) .... m .... blouson
  12. pajamas .... m .... pyjama
  13. pants .... m .... pantalon
  14. raincoat .... m .... imper/méable
  15. robe (night dress) .... f .... robe de chambre
  16. scarf .... m .... foulard
  17. scarf (wool) .... m .... cache-nez
  18. shirt (men) .... f .... chemise
  19. shoe .... f .... chaussure
  20. shorts .... m .... short
  21. skirt .... f .... jupe
  22. slipper .... m .... chausson
  23. sock .... f .... chaussette
  24. suit .... m .... costume
  25. sweat-shirt .... m .... sweat (pronounce sweet)
  26. sweater .... m .... pull, chandail
  27. tank top .... m .... débardeur
  28. tie .... f .... cravate
  29. tights .... m .... collant/s
  30. tuxedo .... m .... smoking

Continue with Premium material

Related: Test . Fabrics . Winter Clothing . Fashion Vocabulary . Games . Test . Flashcards .

. French podcast, French vocabulary, French grammar, French culture, about French about France .

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