>
About French

When to use the Subjunctive?

Quand faut-il que je me serve du subjonctif ?

When do I use the Subjunctive?

French, French vocabulary, French grammar, French culture, about France, about French, français, vocabulaire, learn French, French podcasts, learn French by podcast, French language podcasts, French tutorial, French one on one, French expressions, expressions, e-learning, learning French, French online, France, listening comprehension, dictées, French dictation, frenchetc.org

C’est dommage qu’on ne puisse pas y aller.

The subjunctive goes all over the place in French. Sorry to open up with this statement, but that’s the truth. The rules are numerous, and tend to always be contradicted by exceptions. I’ve made this worksheet, hoping to clarify the matter. Let me know if it’s any good.

  • The subjunctive is used in clauses almost always introduced by QUE. That means there are two clauses*: the triggering clause and the subjunctive clause:
    • Je veux qu’ils soient heureux. I want them to be happy.
    • Il faut qu’on fasse la résa pour l’hôtel. We have to make the reservation for the hotel.                                       

*note: when there is only one clause, the triggering clause is often implied:

    • Vive la France ! = Je souhaite que vive la France. Long live to France!
  • The subjunctive is used ONLY if the triggering clause and the subjunctive clause have a DIFFERENT SUBJECT.
    • Je veux qu’ils soient heureux.
      • Je veux que je sois heureux.
      • Ils veulent qu’ils soient heureux.
  • Good news – Good news – Good news – Good news 

There is a way to avoid the subjunctive, especially with “il faut que”:

instead of saying

prefer saying

Il faut que nous soyons heureux. Nous voulons être heureux.
Il faut qu’on fasse la résa pour l’hôtel On doit faire la résa pour l’hôtel.

Continue learning about when to use the subjunctive in the Premium worksheet.

Related: Online exercise . Subjunctive formation . Subjunctive formation practice . Past subjunctive . Imperfect subjunctive . Pluperfect subjunctive .

Access to Free weekly podcasts . Home blogue . About France . About Paris . French Songs and Poems . About French . French vocabulary bites . French manuel . French textbook  for members only .

Post your comment about this right down here at ‘Leave a Reply’.

Come to FRENCH ETC. for French, French vocabulary, French grammar, French culture, about France, about French, français, vocabulaire, learn French, French podcasts, learn French by podcast, French language podcasts, French tutorial, French one on one, French expressions, expressions, e-learning, learning French, French online, France, listening comprehension, dictées, French dictation, sign up for FRENCH ETC. at frenchetc.org (http://frenchetc.org/fe-signup-page/)

Bonne journée française !

Comments are closed.

     
     

STAY SIGNED IN

ALWAYS STAY SIGNED IN to access all of your worksheets in one click.

Petite vidéo

Cliquez pour voir
La Bretagne