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When to use the passé composé

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Le rosier a fleuri en juin.

When to use the passé composé? - Quand se servir du passé composé ?

It is tricky to speak in the past in French because you have to choose between the passé composé and the imparfait.

Use the passé composé when an action happened only once, or was short and sudden, specific, actions that were completed at some point in the past, and when you are talking about precise information.

Look at this passage

Suddenly, it started raining. It rained for two hours. I gathered my stuff in three minutes. Isabelle and I laughed the whole time.

Translation

Soudain, il a commencé à pleuvoir. Il a plu pendant deux heures. J’ai ramassé mes affaires en trois minutes. Isabelle et moi avons ri tout le temps.

In a nutshell, if you’re asking the question

What happened?, use the passé composé

Related: Passé composé vs. Imparfait . Past Participles . Past Participles Agreements . Past participles with On and EN . Practice French past participles . Imparfait .

Practice : List of past participles quizAgreement of Past Participles online . Multiple choice - Advanced .

 

 

 

 

 

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